In the past the surgical treatment for cord compression simply consisted of decompressive laminectomy.
Retrospective review of these patients revealed little or no benefit especially if the initial complaints were of axial neck or back pain with or without symptoms of neurological compression.
The aim is now for decompression with immediate stabilization of the affected segment(s).
Note that all open surgical exposures are destabilizing,
Choice of approach dependent on site of pathology in relation to cord and premorbid patient condition
Post operatively the aim is to achieve IMMEDIATE stability, as the disease progresses, stability may be lost so stabilization methods should try to also anticipate short to medium concerns about disease progression and further instability.
Altered biology of diseased bone (pathological) means that implants are preferred over structural bone grafts (auto or allograft)